Along with the ideal of the artist as spontaneous creative genius, no aspect of the new image of “the artist” was more important than the belief in the artist’s absolute freedom and independence, an ideal that developed in response to artists’ actual dependence on the market economy and the glut of people drawn into fine art by the exalted image of the artist. The new complex of characteristics that made up the image of the artist played itself out over the course of the nineteenth century in a variety of optional and variously combinable social poses: the bohemian, the dandy, the neglected sufferer, the persecuted rebel, the obsessive creator, the prophetic critic, the utopian visionary.
An interesting article on the concept of artification from Contemporary Aesthetics (CA), an online journal of contemporary theory, research, and application in aesthetics. The concept of artful making as would be applied to businesses and the place of high art in this process. Long read, but quite interesting!